The robin (Erithacus rubecula) is a species of bird of the flycatcher family (Muscicapidae). It inhabits North Africa, Europe and Asia Minor as well as the Mediterranean islands. Its food consists mainly of insects, small spiders, worms and snails. His singing begins about an hour before sunrise and can be heard almost throughout the year until dusk. The species is currently considered safe.
Because of its frequency and often short escape distance, the robin is a special popular figure. In Christ legends Jesus is comforting in dying. It is also associated with Christmas as the unofficial national bird of Great Britain. It has played an important role in the discovery and scientific recognition of the magnetic sense.